What is a toothache?

A toothache is referred to as pain around our teeth or jaw. It is primarily caused by several tooth problems such as dental cavities, cracked or exposed tooth root or in some cases, gum disease. Some jaw joint disorders also cause pain that is also referred to as a toothache. Toothache severity ranges from chronic and mild up to sharp and excruciating. Furthermore, the pain can be more aggravated by heat, cold or by chewing.

What Causes a Toothache?

For most children and adults, tooth decay is the primary cause of toothaches. There are numerous bacteria living in our mouth that are thriving on the starches and the sugars we eat. These bacteria will eventually create or form sticky plaques that will cling to the tooth’s surface.
The sticky plaque produces acids which eat through the hard white coating of the tooth known as enamel. Eventually, a tooth cavity is formed. Tooth decay can either show as a brown or white spot on the tooth.

What are the other causes of a toothache?

  • Infection or inflammation of tooth root
  • Tooth injury or trauma
  • Grinding of the teeth
  • Tooth fracture
  • Split in the tooth which occurs over time
  • Teething
  • Impacted wisdom tooth
  • Sinus infection

What are the Symptoms of a Toothache?

The very first sign of having tooth decay is a pain sensation whenever we eat something very cold, very hot, or sweet. Aside from this, other symptoms include the following:

  • Dull ache in the tooth
  • Throbbing or burning sensation
  • Sharp pain
  • Sensitivity to heat, pressure, sweets or cold
  • Swelling of the face and neck

How to treat a toothache?

1. Clean your mouth. It is important to rinse your mouth with warm water. You should also gently floss your teeth in order for the food particles to remove.
2. Control the pain and swelling. To do this, you may apply a cold compress outside your cheek or mouth.
3. Medications such as acetaminophen are prescriptions for pain relief. Do not give aspirin, though, to any person under age 18. Also, do not put the aspirin against your gums near your aching tooth for it will only form burn gum tissue.
4. Seek professional help. If the pain becomes not tolerable, follow up with your dentist. Even a short-lived pain might indicate a more serious dental problem that needs professional dental medication. Your dentist will examine your teeth
and may take an x-ray of your tooth to carefully diagnose and check the pain’s origin and make treatment recommendations possible. If in case there has been an infection in your tooth, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics.
In order to avoid having a toothache, it is important to see your dentist regularly for a check-up. Brush teeth regularly at least twice daily. Also, do not forget to floss at least once daily.